Anti-phospho-IRS1 (Ser312)(I40-365R)

Anti-phospho-IRS1 (Ser312)(I40-365R)

  • $325.00


Description :Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody

Species :

Tag :

Expression System:

Sequence :

Specificity :Recognizes the IRS1 protein phosphorylated at serine 312

Cited Applications :WB

Cross Reactivity :Human, Mouse and Rat

Host / Isotype / Clone# :Rabbit, IgG

Immunogen :Synthetic phospho-peptide corresponding to amino acid residues surrounding Ser312

Purification :Affinity chromatography

Stability :Store at 4oC (add 0.1% NaN3) for several months, and at -20oC for longer periods. For optimal storage, aliquot target into smaller quantities after centrifugation and store at recommended temperature. For most favorable performance, avoid repeated handling and multiple freeze/thaw cycles.

Sample Data :Western blot analysis of extracts from HEK293 anti-phospho-IRS1 (Ser312) antibody.

Scientific Background :IRS1 is the substrate for the insulin tyrosine kinase receptor and it is expressed in a variety of insulin-responsive tissues. IRS1 is a docking protein with no intrinsic enzymatic activity. Via its SH2 domains, IRS1 facilitates interactions between key players in insulin signaling such as the insulin receptor. 14-3-3 competitively binds with IRS1 against the insulin receptor (1). This competition has implications towards the regulation of insulin sensitivity. IRS1 has been linked to colorectal cancer and diet via the regulation of plasma insulin levels. Thus, variation of IRS1 function may have implications in colorectal cancer (2). IRS1 has several Ser/Thr phosphorylation sites including Ser312, which is sensitive to TNF-alpha or calyculin A treatment (3) and Ser636/639, which is associated with S6K and mTOR activation (4).

References :
1. Ogihara, T. et al: 14-3-3 protein binds to insulin receptor substrate-1, one of the binding sites of which is in the phosphotyrosine binding domain. J. Biol. Chem. 272: 25267-25274, 1997.

2. Slattery, M L. et al: Genetic variation in IGF1, IGFBP3, IRS1, IRS2 and risk of breast cancer in women living in southwestern United States. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2007.

3. Gao, Z. et al: Serine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate 1 by inhibitor kappa B kinase complex. J Biol Chem. 2002 Dec 13;277(50):48115-21.

4. Khamzina, L. et al: Increased activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway in liver and skeletal muscle ofobese rats: possible involvement in obesity-linked insulin resistance. Endocrinology. 2005 Mar;146(3):1473-81.

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Research Areas :AKT/PKB Pathway, Cancer, Cellular Stress, ERK/MAPK Pathway, Cancer, AKT/PKB Pathway, ERK/MAPK Pathway, Cellular Stress