2019-nCoV Spike protein RBD (S477N)(C19SD-G238H)

2019-nCoV Spike protein RBD (S477N)(C19SD-G238H)

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Description: Recombinant 2019-nCoV Spike protein S1 subunit, RBD (S477N) (319-541) was expressed in CHO cells using a C-terminal his tag.

Species: SARS-CoV-2 Virus

Tag : His tag

Expression System:CHO cells

Sequence :319-541

Genbank Number : MN908947

Purity :Sample Purity Data. For specific information on a given lot, see the related technical data sheet.

Storage, Stability and Shipping :Store product at –70oC. For optimal storage, aliquot target into smaller quantities after centrifugation and store at recommended temperature. For most favorable performance, avoid repeated handling and multiple freeze/thaw cycles.

Assay Data: Sample activity Data. For specific information on a given lot, see the related technical datasheet.

Molecular Weight : ~39 kDa

Gene Aliases : 2019-nCoV RBD, SARS-CoV-2 spike RBD, novel coronavirus spike RBD, nCov spike RBD.

Scientific Background: The receptor binding domain (RBD) of the SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein that recognizes the host ACE2 receptor is a major determinant of viral entry and neutralization, and is also the most divergent region (1). Within RBD of SARS-CoV-2, S447 is the most commonly mutated residue and S477N mutation occurs very frequently alongside the D614G variant. MD simulation studies suggest that S477N strengthens the binding of the SARS-COV-2 spike with the hACE2 receptor (2). Hence, as the new variants displace the first-wave virus, it is pivotal to evaluate their transmissibility, virulence and their possible tendency to escape antibody neutralization (3).

References :

1. Lan J, et al: Crystal structure of the 2019-nCov spike receptor-binding domain bound with the ACE2 receptor. bioRxiv. doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.02.19.956235.

2. Singh A, et al: Serine 477 plays a crucial role in the interaction of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein with the human receptor ACE2. Sci Rep. 2021, 11: 4320. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-83761-5.

3.Starr TN, et al: Molecular dynamic simulation reveals E484K mutation enhances spike RBD-ACE2 affinity and the combination of E484K, K417N and N501Y mutations (501Y.V2 variant) induces conformational change greater than N501Y mutant alone, potentially resulting in an escape mutant. Cell. 2020, 182(5):1295-1310.

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