ALK2 siRNA Set I(A06-911)
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Description :ALK2 is a pool of three individual synthetic siRNA duplexes designed to knock-down human ALK2 mRNA expression. Each siRNA is 19-25 bases in length.
Specificity :ALK2 siRNAs are designed to specifically knock-down human ALK2 expression.
Formulation :The siRNAs are supplied as a lyophilized powder and shipped at room temperature.
Reconstitution Protocol :Briefly centrifuge the tubes (maximum RCF 4,000g) to collect lyophilized siRNA at the bottom of the tube. Resuspend the siRNA in 50 ul of DEPC-treated water (supplied by researcher), which results in a 1x stock solution (10 uM). Gently pipet the solution 3-5 times to mix and avoid the introduction of bubbles. Optional: aliquot 1x stock solutions for storage.
Storage and Stability :The lyophilized powder is stable for at least 4 weeks at room temperature. It is recommended that the lyophilized and resuspended siRNAs are stored at or below -20oC. After resuspension, siRNA stock solutions ≥2 uM can undergo up to 50 freeze-thaw cycles without significant degradation. For long-term storage, it is recommended that the siRNA is stored at -70oC. For most favorable performance, avoid repeated Handling and multiple freeze/thaw cycles.
Format :Lyophilized powder
Gene Aliases :ACVR1, ACTRI, ACVR1A, ACVRLK2, FOP, SKR1, TSRI
Scientific Background :ALK 2 is a receptor serine/threonine kinase that is member of the ALK family and is upstream of signaling pathway involving the SMAD proteins especially SMAD1/5/8. Knockdown of ALK2, but not TGFbetaRI (ALK5), abrogates endoglin-mediated decrease in cell motility of prostate cancer cells and constitutively active ALK2 is sufficient to restore a low-motility phenotype in endoglin deficient cells (1). Therefore, endoglin decreases prostate cancer cell motility through activation of the ALK2-Smad1 pathway. ALK2 is the key gene involved in Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP), a rare autosomal dominant congenital disorder characterized by progressive heterotopic bone formation in muscle tissues (2).
1. Craft, C.S. et al: Endoglin inhibits prostate cancer motility via activation of the ALK2-Smad1 pathway. Oncogene. 2007 Nov 8;26(51):7240-50.
2. Shore, E. M. et al: A recurrent mutation in the BMP type I receptor ACVR1 causes inherited and sporadic fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva. Nature Genet. 38: 525-527, 2006.
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Research Areas :AKT/PKB Pathway, Angiogenesis, Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, JAK/STAT Pathway, Neurobiology, Ser/Thr Kinases, Cancer, Neurobiology, Cardiovascular Disease, AKT/PKB Pathway, JAK/STAT Pathway, Angiogenesis, Ser/Thr Kinases